Science in the medieval Islamic world
(also known, less accurately, as Islamic science
or Arabic science
) was the science developed and practiced in the medieval Islamic world
during the Islamic Golden Age
(8th century CE – , sometimes considered to have extended to the 15th or 16th century). During this time scholars translated Indian, Assyrian, Iranian and Greek knowledge into Arabic. These translations became a wellspring for scientific advances by scientists from Muslim-ruled areas during the Middle Ages.