The Roman Senate
was a political institution in ancient Rome
. It was one of the most enduring institutions in Roman history, being established in the first days of the city (traditionally founded in 753 BC). It survived the overthrow of the kings
in 509 BC, the fall of the Roman Republic
in the 1st century BC, the division of the Roman Empire
in 395 AD, the fall of the Western Roman Empire
in 476 AD, and the barbarian rule of Rome in the 5th, 6th, and 7th centuries.