is a technical term in modern philosophy
often used in contrast to the term subject
. A subject is an observer and an object is a thing observed. For modern philosophers like Descartes
is a state of cognition
that includes the subject—which can never be doubted as only it can be the one who doubts–—and some object(s) that may be considered as not having real
or full existence or value independent of the subject who observes it. Metaphysical
frameworks also differ in whether they consider objects exist independently of their properties
and, if so, in what way.