(; 11 December 1882 – 5 January 1970) was a German physicist
who was instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics
. He also made contributions to solid-state physics
and supervised the work of a number of notable physicists in the 1920s and 30s. Born won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics
for his "fundamental research in Quantum Mechanics, especially in the statistical interpretation of the wave function".