is a level of administrative division
in the French Republic
. French communes are roughly equivalent to civil townships
in the United States
. The United Kingdom
has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and have received significant powers of governance to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.