Brooksley E. Born
(born August 27, 1940) is an American attorney
and former public official who, from August 26, 1996, to June 1, 1999, was chairperson of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission
(CFTC), the federal agency which oversees the futures
and commodity options markets
. During her tenure on the CFTC, Born lobbied Congress and the President to give the CFTC oversight of off-exchange markets for derivatives
in addition to its role with respect to exchange-traded derivatives, but her warnings were ignored or dismissed, and her calls for reform resisted by other regulators. Born resigned as chairperson on June 1, 1999, shortly after Congress passed legislation prohibiting her agency from regulating derivatives.